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喝啤酒的你知道喝的是什么啤酒吗?

发表于 : 周二 8月 23, 2016 12:56 am
jinqijixie











凭借火爆韩剧《来自星星的你》,让“啤酒加炸鸡”风靡整个亚洲,不爱喝酒的小编也壮胆试了试啤酒加炸鸡的味道,确实还可以。里约奥运会今天圆满落幕了,加上之前的欧洲杯、美洲杯,今年可以说重大体育赛事连连,这也给啤酒带来了千载难逢的商机。那么,各位喝啤酒的朋友,知道啤酒有哪些品种吗?很多人可能就知道黑啤、鲜啤、扎啤吧,虽然喝着啤酒但是不知道它是什么啤酒吧?今天小编就为大家来普及普及啤酒的相关知识。

啤酒是以麦芽、水为主要原料,加啤酒花,经酵母发酵酿制而成的、含有二氧化碳的、起气泡的,低酒精浓度的发酵酒。其中,麦芽的作用是提供糖分,啤酒花主要起苦味剂的作用,用以平衡啤酒里面的甜味,酵母的作用是把糖分转化为乙醇(酒精)和二氧化碳。

麦芽烘烤后,麦麸、淀粉等物质会被部分脱水碳化颜色加深。不同程度的碳化会使麦芽带有不同的颜色。根据啤酒的色泽可以分为淡色、浓色和黑色三种。

淡色啤酒
淡色啤酒是各类啤酒中产量最多的一种,按色薄泽的深浅,谈色啤酒又可分为以下三种。
1、淡黄色啤酒
此种啤酒大多采用色泽极浅,溶解度不高的麦芽为原料,糖化周期短,因此啤酒色泽浅。其口味多属淡爽型,酒花香味浓郁。
2、金黄色啤酒
此种啤酒所采用的麦芽,溶解度较淡黄色啤酒略高,因此色泽呈金黄色,其产品商标上通常标注Gold一词,以便消费者辨认。口味醇和,酒花香味突出。
3、棕黄色啤酒
此类酒采用溶解度高的麦芽,烘烙麦芽温度较高,因此麦芽色泽深,酒液黄中带棕色,实际上已接近浓色啤酒。其口味较粗重、浓稠。

浓色啤酒
浓色啤酒呈红棕色或红褐色,酒体透明度较低,产量较淡色啤酒少。根据色泽的深浅,又可划分成三种:棕色、红棕色和红褐色。浓色啤酒口味较醇厚,苦味较轻,麦芽香味突出。

黑色啤酒(Dark or Black Beers)
黑色啤酒的色泽呈深棕色或黑褐色,酒体透明度很低或不透明。一般原麦汁浓度高,酒精含量5.5%左右,口味醇厚,泡沫多而细腻,苦味根据产品产品类型而有轻重之别。此类啤酒产量较少。最著名的黑啤当属德国的黑啤,像猛士、慕尼黑狮牌、科隆巴赫等等。

根据啤酒杀菌处理情况,啤酒可分为鲜啤和熟啤
1、鲜啤
又称为“生啤"或“扎啤”。酒液不经过巴氏灭菌法处理的统称为鲜啤酒。因啤酒中保存了一部分营养丰富的酵母菌,所以口味鲜美。但稳定性差,不能长时间存放,常温下保鲜期仅一天左右,低温下可保存3天左右。其产品就地销售,多数桶装。

2、熟啤
把鲜啤酒经过巴氏灭菌法处理即成为熟啤酒或叫杀菌啤酒。经过杀菌处理后的啤酒,稳定性好,保质期可长达90天之以上,而且便于运输。但口感不如鲜啤酒,超过保质期后,酒体会老熟和氧化,并产生异昧、沉淀、变质的现象。

根据原麦汁浓度啤酒又可以分为低、中、高三种。
1、低浓度啤酒:原麦汁浓度在2.5%—9.0%之间,酒精含量0.8%—2.5%之间的属低浓度啤酒。儿童啤酒、无醇啤酒均属此类型。
2、中浓度啤酒:原麦汁浓度在11%—14%之间,酒精含量3.2%—4.2% 之间的属中浓度啤酒。这类啤酒产量最大,最受消费者欢迎。淡色啤酒多属此类型。
3、高浓度啤酒:原麦汁浓度在14%—20%之间,酒精含量4.2%— 5.5%,少数酒精含量高达7.5%,这种啤酒均属高浓度啤酒。黑色啤酒即属此类型。这种啤酒生产周期长,含固形物较多,稳定性强,适宜贮存或远销。